Analysis of Grammar Test Results

 

This table groups the "number missed" into thirds for each of the four categories.

 

The columns show the Frequency Missed:

Top-third: missed most often, by between 44 and 122 students

Middle-third: missed next most often, between 24 and 43 students

Bottom-third: missed least often, between 3 and 22 students

 

The rows show the items group by Category.

Punctuation: use of punctuation marks in different contexts.

Vocabulary: use of the correct word in different contexts.

Syntax: use of the correct word order, misplacement, weak constructions.

Pronouns: use of the proper case, correct form.

 

Within each cell, the items are listed according to the frequency missed.

 

 

Bottom Third

Middle Third

Top Third

Frequency Missed:

Missed by

3 to 22

Missed by

24 to 43

Missed by

44 to 122

Punctuation

Colons, semicolons

Unnecessary commas

Quotes, punctuating

It's/its

Commas around states

Commas around dates

Comma splice

Exclamation points

Hyphens, 3- to 5-year olds

Possessive plurals

Basic plurals

Plural dates

Vocabulary

 

Principle/principal

Affect/effect

Try and/try to

Sit/set

More than/over

Since/because

Eager/anxious

Adverb usage

Fewer/Less

Lay/lie (present tense)

Hopefully/I hope

Lay/lie (past tense)

Freshman/freshmen

Feel/think

Syntax

Dangling modifiers

Parallel construction

Non-sentences

Passive voice

Compound modifiers

 

As---of a

"There are" constructions

Misplaced modifiers

Pronouns

Whose/who's

That/Who

That/which

I/me

Who/whom

Its/their

 

High-Need Areas: problems with plurals occur in three categories: Punctuation (possessive, dates), Vocabulary (freshman/freshmen) and Pronouns (its/their).

 

Medium-Need Areas: problems with Punctuation (commas), Vocabulary (more than/over, fewer/less, etc.) Syntax (passive voice) and Pronouns (case).

 

Low-Need Areas: problems that occur less often but merit review: Punctuation (quotes, colons/semi-colons), Vocabulary (principle/principal, affect/effect, try and/try to, sit/set), Syntax (dangling modifiers, parallel construction) and Pronouns (whose/who's, that/who).