#3-Primary Source Paper Assignment


When historians write history, they use two types of sources: primary and secondary. Primary sources are photographs, newspaper articles, letters, diaries, or other artifacts that were produced during/by a specific time period, event, or person. Secondary sources are usually essays, articles, or books that analyze and interpret a set of primary sources in order to tell a story about a specific time period, event, or person.


The purpose of a primary source paper is to engage you in the role of a historian.


What is new in Primary Source Assignment #3?

1.    You need to choose 8 primary sources.

2.    You must include in your finished paper, a worksheet for each source that you use.

3.    You must tie together your sources with a research question.

4.    You must underline or highlight your thesis statement in the first paragraph of your paper. That thesis statement must be supported by your documents throughout the paper and must be restated in the conclusion of your paper.

5.    You must include footnotes with proper citation style as described by the Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

6.    When you send your paper and worksheets, send them as ONE document (Word or PDF) saved with this format: LastName_HIST319-FinalPaper.doc (Do not send multiple documents as attachments.)




  1. You can use any material that we have read/watched in class as secondary source material. If you do use any of that material, you must cite the ideas or quotations using footnotes.


  1. Before writing the analysis of the four sources, come up with a research question that the eight sources will address. Include the research question in your essay.


  1. CAUTION: The goal is to write a cohesive essay - not 8 individual source analysis papers. Make the sources speak to each other. Put them together to draw a larger conclusion.


  1. You must fill out a worksheet (below) on each source before you begin writing. Turn in the worksheets with your completed paper.


  1. Write an eight-page (2,000-2,400 word) essay on women's history that includes the following:


- Describe the document/source. Who wrote it, when, where? Do you know who the author is by name? Do you know the race, age, or gender of the author?

- Why do you think the author wrote the document? What was the author's motivation for writing? Did s/he have an intended audience? Can you discern any particular characteristics about the audience?

- What kinds of conclusions about womanhood, work, and/or activism can you draw from the sources.

- What do we learn about the time period in which the documents were written?

- Do the experiences that are described in the document relate to history that we have discussed in class?


Suggestions on where to find credible sources:

National Archives and Records Administration: nara.gov

Library of Congress: loc.gov

Spencer Research Library (online or in person): https://spencer.lib.ku.edu

Women and Social Movements Database: accessible through lib.ku.edu


Send paper to professor by email by the deadline on the syllabus: kwarren@ku.edu


See below for worksheet


Primary Source Analysis Worksheet


Step 1: Identify the Source

Answer all known fields

Source title


Author or creator


Type of source


Date of source


Original source location



Physical description



Step 2: Analyze the Source

Answer all known fields, only if evidenced by the source itself


Intended Audience













Other information (such as job, social status, family info, etc.)


Other information (such as jobs, social status, families, etc.)



Step 3: Contextualize and Explore the Source

Answer only with information evidenced by the source, otherwise cite or note your

secondary source of information

Why was this source/document created?




What is the historical context of the source (i.e. political, social, economic, or environmental context)?


What opinions and/or unintentional implications are conveyed by this source?



What do you still not know, and where can you find that information?



What contextual information should be noted about you, the researcher (i.e. your race, age, gender, familial and social background, etc.)? How might that influence your interpretation of the source?



Step 4: Using the Source

What is one historical statement that can be made using the source as evidence?




What can be concluded about the validity of the source, and about its place in the broader historical/social context of the time?



Where might historians look next to continue the discussion?