Reading #1 Themes

 

Spring 2015 Students A, B, C, D, and E

Controversy Project Draft 1, Controversy Project Draft 2, Research Paper Final Draft

 

Introduction

 

In order to develop categories for a reading rubric, I used an open coding / grounded theory approach. First, I read older student work and noted both "positive indicators" and "opportunities for growth." I highlighted or bracketed sections of student prose and indicated in marginal commentary what I saw as a positive indicator or opportunity for growth. After this initial reading/coding, I organized my marginal comments by theme, as noted below. I will use these themes to develop a reading rubric for the reading and evaluation of future student work, in order to gauge the success of my intervention. It is also quite likely that I will use some or all of these categories in grading rubrics for students.

 

Themes

 

Reflection & Metacognition of Writing

Reflection

Metacognition

Reflection

Metacognition

Reflection on writing

Reflection on writing process

Meta-cognition

Reflection

Metacognition

Reflection/metacognition
Metacognition re: writing

Metacognition of what argument is about [by writing abstract]

 

Title

Opportunity for title

Provocative title

Opportunity for better title

Opportunity for better heading

Good, unique title

 

Opening/Introduction

Opportunity to open with a surprising connection or quote

Surprising direct address [in opening]

Direct opening

Opportunity to create opening with sense of purpose and momentum

Direct attention getter

 

Organization, Pattern, & Structure

Clear organizational pattern

Preview of organization

Obvious organization

Clear organizational pattern

Clear organizational pattern
Organized

Clear, sensible organization

Clear organization
Logical organization

Clear organizational pattern

Clear organizational pattern

 

Occasion, Kairos, or "So What?"

Explanation of why subject matters and to whom

Explanation of why subject matters

Opportunity to foreground argument in disagreement, controversy, or problem

Opportunity to be specific and concrete re: problem

Explanation of why subject matters and to whom

Opportunity for showing controversy

Identifies gaps in common understanding

Opportunity to explain reasoning

Outlines subject in real-world concern

Establishes why it matters

Opportunity to spell out subject/problem in detail

Identifies a controversy/problem

Identifies conflict/controversy

Opportunity to spell out subject matter/problem

Locates subject in real world, relevant concerns

Establishes a problem

Spells out relevance and need

Why it matters

Opportunity to spell out narrow, solvable problem

Identifies a real debate/controversy

Locates argument in student's real life

Says why it matters

 

Clarity of Position, Purpose, & Claims

Clarity of claims

Direct statement of position

Clarity of purpose

Narrowing subject matter

Explicit explanation of point

Explicit explanation of point

Opportunity for more precise explanations and support

Clarity of claims

Opportunity to identify warrants and assumptions

Direct statement of position

Clarity of student's argument

Clarifies argument

Risky argument/position

Opportunity to make an argument and take a stand

Clear statement of claims

Opportunity to spell out conclusions

Explanation of logic

Opportunity for clarifying position

Opportunity for explaining/supporting position

Opportunity to examine warrants and assumptions

Opportunity for precision [in argument]

Explicit claims

Exacting, subtle argument

Spells out position

Spells out intent

Opportunity to spell out a point of view

Conclusion, summing up

 

Use of Examples to Illustrate Claims, Ideas, & Principles

Opportunity for illustrative examples

Use of personal experience

Opportunity for more precise examples

Opportunity for illustrative examples

Opportunity to be concrete

Use of relevant personal experience

Use of relevant personal experience to support a point

Use of personal experiences to illustrate point of view

Relevant use of personal experience

Use of precise, concrete example to illustrate

Use of concrete examples

Opportunity for illustrative examples

Use of relevant personal experience

Use of personal experiences to illustrate

Concrete examples to illustrate argument

Precise examples/evidence to illustrate argument

Relevant use of student's personal experience

 

Solutions & Policy Recommendations

Precise policy recommendations

Opportunity to explain how policy proposal would solve problem

Opportunity to explain how policy proposals [would solve problem]

Policy proposals

Opportunity for precise policy recommendations

Opportunity to offer solutions

Opportunity to argue for precise solutions/policy proposals

Explicit recommendations

Identifies solutions

Opportunity to conclude with actionable policy recommendations

Opportunity for policy recommendations

Opportunity for policy recommendations

Opportunity for clear, extended policy proposals

Policy recommendations

 

Source Selection

Opportunity for further research

Opportunity for research

Use of peer-reviewed primary sources

Reference to credible sources

Opportunity for accuracy and source use

Opportunity for textual research

Opportunity for textual research

Opportunity to Identify patterns through research

Opportunity for primary sources or real research

Opportunity to incorporate info found through textual research

Opportunity for [textual] research

Different types of sources

Opportunity for additional evidence

Use of credible sources

Opportunity to incorporate source that's done primary research/"more credible"

Opportunity for accuracy [in source info]

Opportunity for further research

Use of credible sources

Opportunity for better sources

 

Use of Sources to Support or Debate a Claim

Use of research to establish a claim

Mention of precise, factual data

Use of factual background info to establish the situation

Use of factual background info to establish the "situation"

Basic factual information

Explanation of how to interpret source

Explanation of how readers should think about quotation

Implication of source

Considers implication of a source

Explanation of how readers should think re: quotations

Opportunity to spell out [source] in detail

Interpretation

Opportunity to tell readers how to interpret evidence

Precise evidence [from sources]

Use of multiple sources to establish a point

Opportunity to sum up - say what it means

Explains statistics

Summary of source

Synthesis of sources

Opportunity to tell readers how to interpret

Opportunity to explain statistics - tell us what to conclude

Spells out how readers should interpret evidence

Opportunity to tell readers how to interpret

Source summary

Clear explanations [of sources]

Opportunity to explain why the source matters

Opportunity to say why these numbers matter - summarize research for argument

Applying concept/theory to a new subject

Opportunity to "test" [claim] with evidence

Fresh connections

Use of sources

Clear explication of sources

Explication of source's argument

Spells out what reader should conclude from source

 

Incorporating Quotations

Incorporates quotes into student's own prose

Opportunity to explain who source is

Quote incorporated into student's own prose

Quotation incorporated into student's own prose

Quotation incorporated into student's own syntax

Quotation incorporated

Opportunity to incorporate into syntax

Incorporates quote into student's own prose

Source evidence incorporated into student's own prose

Opportunity to incorporate quote in student's own prose

Quote incorporated into student's own prose

Quote incorporated into student's own prose

Quote incorporated into student's own prose

Quote incorporated into student's prose

 

Source Analysis & Context

Explicit identification of sources and information

Points out where research is lacking

Awareness of where evidence comes from

Identifies type of source

Opportunity to Identify source by type/genre

Identify source by type/genre/background

Opportunity to Identify sources

Opportunity to consider representativeness of evidence

Opportunity to contextualize source

Opportunity to contextualize source

Opportunity to explain/reflect on generalizability of evidence - or contextualize

Opportunity to identify sources

Opportunity to contextualize source

Contextualizes info [from sources]

Spells out source usage and source methodology

Spells out possible flaws in source and method

Opportunity to Identify sources

Opportunity to Identify sources

 

Identification of Counterarguments & Multiple Perspectives

Opportunity for more sources

Explanation of outside points of view

Opportunity to consider alternate solutions

Consideration of alternate points of view

Idea that problems have two sides [opportunity to consider multiple points of view]

Addresses counterarguments

Opportunity to fully treat various points of view

Opportunity to explore counterarguments

Consideration of multiple points of view

Opportunity to identify new points of view

Considers other/multiple points of view

Use of qualifiers

 

Primary, Original, or New Research

Suggests authentic primary research

Opportunity for authentic research

 

Prose, Language, & Style

Direct, precise language

Opportunity for concise prose

Precise language

Could be more precise

Opportunity to revise for conciseness

Opportunity to revise for directness and conciseness

Cliche

Opportunity for preciseness and specificity

Opportunity to revise for concise, direct, concrete language

Opportunity for simpler syntax

Opportunity for simpler syntax

Direct, precise language

Opportunity for concise prose

Run-ons

Comma splice

Opportunity for balanced language

Opportunity for clearer prose

Opportunity for specificity

Opportunity for conciseness
Concreteness

Opportunity for more direct syntax

Commas splice

Opportunity for clarity in syntax

Opportunity for balanced language

Opportunity for balanced, un-stereotyped language [non-inflammatory]

Opportunity for clarity in syntax
Opportunity for clearer syntax

Opportunity for clear syntax

Opportunity for specificity

Opportunity for clear syntax

 

Use of Academic Conventions

Opportunity to follow MLA conventions

Opportunity to follow academic conventions

Use of academic documentation conventions

Use of academic conventions